Analysis on the relationship between thinking and

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Analysis of the relationship between thinking and design innovation

Abstract: traditional thinking problems are often seen in philosophical discussions, and design innovation is mainly concentrated on the level of technological realization. Exploring and studying the thinking problems in design innovation has become an important part of building a modern design theory system. Through the discussion of innovation in design, this paper summarizes the relationship between thinking and design innovation in design thinking

key words: thinking, design thinking, innovation

Chinese Library Classification Number: t391

0 preface

thinking is based on people's full understanding of existing things, through the brain's perceptual knowledge, understanding, analysis, summary and other logical thinking process of these existing things, so as to make an internal, connected, indirect and general reflection on their essential attributes; Design is the activity of creatively changing the nature of these things through certain means to form valuable items

people's sensory experience of things around them is the accumulation of past contact through various information contact media, and then judge and determine its existence state and spiritual value. Although there are different living backgrounds and learning experiences, almost the same sensory experience has been formed through human conscious and unconscious induction and summary. The same is true of design. Through the grasp of the design process and the accumulation of design perceptual data, and the use of certain thinking and imagination means to consciously regularize it, a certain degree of design thinking is formed

the use of lines, which are often used in design, generally has no directionality in their morphological expression. However, due to the accumulated experience of artists or designers, thick lines, thin lines, fast lines and broken lines carry different people's feelings, so they have different symbolic meanings. Design thinking is just a process to find the meaning hidden behind the appearance and consciously express its internal meaning through certain organizational methods. At the same time, it is also an important channel to reflect the creativity of human design ideas

excellent design can express rhythm and melody without sound, and it does not need to simulate the shape of the real object. It can accurately express the structural forms of soft and hard, density, virtual and real co-development, oblique and positive. Using the planning of points, lines and planes, the density is balanced, the size is scattered, and the movement and stillness are retracted, resulting in a frustrated and urgent rhythm, so as to achieve the pursuit of beautiful melody

because of this, in order to establish a connection between nature and thinking, designers must have high aesthetic interest and solid image expression ability, and require designers to reasonably understand and optimize technology and art, master the knowledge of natural science and social science related to design, and constantly stimulate creativity and inspiration, so as to improve the connotation of design

1 connotation of design thinking

thinking is thinking

dimension is order

thinking is to think, think and think in order. It refers to the whole process of analyzing, synthesizing, judging, reasoning and other cognitive activities of things

it is generally believed that design thinking is a process of realizing the rational concept, significance, thought and spirit of thinking through the expression form of design, which is embodied in the thinking process of realizing the ultimate purpose of design by using certain thinking methods and innovative means in design. Its main research includes the thinking state, thinking procedure and thinking mode in the design process

from the perspective of industrial design, it is the integration of thinking mode and thinking organization mode in the process of product design behavior realization. Through the elaboration of product shape and modeling language, the selection of color and material, and the grasp of behavior concept, we can create goods and actions that meet social needs and meet people's use of high-quality lifestyle

2 extension of design thinking

the extension of design thinking includes: the formation process and method of design thinking, the formation control of design process thinking, the organization method of innovative design thinking, the adjustment of design psychology and the integration of design thinking form

the disciplinary basis of design thinking includes: humanities such as design psychology, design creativity and design aesthetics, as well as technical disciplines such as ergonomics and design optimization

The core and decisive content of design thinking is creative thinking. Creative thinking is a form of thinking that breaks the rules and develops and innovates. The meaning of creation lies in coming up with new methods, establishing new theories and making new achievements. There is no design without creative thinking. The whole process of design activities is the process of forming design ideas with creative thinking and finally producing design products. The meaning of "creation" is to break through the shackles of existing things and form design ideas with innovative and new ideas or forms

"investigation", "analysis", "breakthrough" and "Reconstruction" are the general processes in the process of creative thinking. In the process of the formation of creative thinking in design, through investigation, a large number of thinking sparks for design are intercepted, and the ideas and schemes generated by various thinking forms are very rich. The purposeful and appropriate analysis is carried out according to the established design goals, thus providing conditions for breakthrough and innovation. Breakthrough is the core and essence of creative thinking in design, and a wide range of thinking forms have laid the foundation for breakthrough. There must be breakthrough innovative factors in a large number of design schemes for selection. These factors should be reasonably organized to build new theories and forms, and then reconstruct the target form. This has formed the main internal factors of creative thinking in the design of long-term follow-up and the analysis of patients' internal extraction devices

3 innovation is the core of design

3.1 Innovation is the soul and core of design thinking. For creative design thinking, innovation is its essential requirement. Therefore, design and innovation are inseparable, and design thinking is an effective way to realize design innovation. With the development of social productive forces, creativity is a discipline that takes human creative activities, creative process, creative achievements, creative environment, creator personality, creativity and practical experience as its research objects

creation is the most advanced, active, complex and meaningful practical activity in human labor. It is one of the factors that play a vital role in the pursuit of new and valuable functional systems. Creation can develop productive forces, promote social progress, and improve human living and working environment. Therefore, it can be considered that creation is the most precious wealth of mankind

3.2. Creative thinking environment

creative thinking environment plays an important role in promoting and restricting the participation in innovative design. Everyone and groups contain great creativity, but their innovation ability can be expanded or hindered due to the influence of the surrounding environment. To form a good creative thinking environment, we need to establish a good cooperative relationship, and form a good cooperative atmosphere within this relationship system. Everyone can seriously treat the opinions of others, respect the innovative ideas put forward by others, protect the creative rights and interests of those who participate in innovation activities, and pay special attention to the protection of intellectual talents and intellectual property rights

3.3. Creative design techniques

the so-called creative design techniques are some principles, skills and methods of creativity summarized by creationists according to the development law of innovative thinking

for example, in the Three Kingdoms period, a knife maker named Pu Yuan created the "quenching" process, and the knife he made can "cut iron like mud"; Gunpowder invented in the Shang Dynasty was named "Fu Zi Huang method" in the Tang Dynasty; In the northern and Southern Ming Dynasties, Qi wuhuaiwen created the "steel pouring smelting method"; After the stone carving printing of Emperor Qinshihuang in the Warring States period, the "clay movable type" method appeared, and then Wang Zhen placed the movable type on the turntable, which was named "making movable type printing calligraphy"

these creative techniques summarized in innovative practice can also be used for reference in other creative processes, and become tools that can improve people's creativity and the realization rate of creative achievements

3.4 the relationship between creative design in ancient China and modern creativity

thousands of years ago, the working people in ancient China created many new processes and production methods that attracted the attention of the world. In the Shang Dynasty, the ancestors summarized the reeling method of "floating floc method", which made an important contribution to the development of China's silk productivity and laid the foundation for the later formation of the "Silk Road"; The invention of the compass in the Northern Song Dynasty created conditions for China's navigation

the creative methods summarized by the ancient working people and the creative techniques summarized by modern creative science are the same in terms of the objects summarized. They are both methods summarized from the successful creative experience of the former people and proved in practice, which are scientific; From the perspective of their functions, both of them have a certain guiding role for the later creative practice

however, there are certain differences between the ancient creative techniques and modern creative techniques. This is reflected in: in the method of summary, ancient people often intuitively summarized the process and means of creation from people's specific creative process, which is limited to summarizing past experience, and is the material process and means of creative activities; However, in summarizing the creative techniques, modern creativity pays attention to the materials below this range, which are usually called few layer graphene (Flg), not the specific creative process and creative means in creative activities, but the development and cultivation of the thinking method of the creative subject. The former is to intuitively summarize the experience of creative activities, while the latter is to explore the guidance of creative activities in psychology; At the same time, the ancient creative method is only the guidance of a specific process, while the creative technique in modern creative science is not the guidance of a specific field, but its method can be used in creative activities in various fields

since the beginning of the 20th century, more than 300 methods have been published abroad, and dozens of methods have been successfully studied in China. Among them, there are more than 10 commonly used methods, such as intellectual stimulation method, enumeration method, interval method, checklist method, association method, combination method, morphological analysis method, information intersection theory method, equivalent transformation method and material field analysis method. This is very important for workers engaged in science and technology and design activities to give full play to creative thinking, master and skillfully use creative techniques. It can not only make people improve their work efficiency, but also make their work forge ahead and innovate constantly

4 conclusion

design thinking is the extension of thinking mode and the necessary content and method in the design process. It is not the thinking of design, nor is it different from the thinking in design, but an epistemology and methodology that independently becomes a system. "Design" is the premise and "thinking" is the means. The interaction between the two eventually forms design thinking

design thinking process is a very complex psychological phenomenon, which is generally considered to be the organic combination of creative thinking and design methodology, as well as the organic combination of logical thinking and image thinking, divergent thinking and convergent thinking in the design process. After conscious training and long-term design practice, designers gradually understand the various connections between the design object and the objective environment, and gradually become familiar with the design law,

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